List of academic databases and search engines

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This page contains a representative list of major databases and search engines useful in an academic setting for finding and accessing articles in academic journals, or in repositories, archives, or other collections of scientific and other articles. As the distinction between a database and a search engine is unclear for these complex document retrieval systems, see:

  • the general list of search engines for all-purpose search engines that can be used for academic purposes
  • bibliographic databases for information about databases giving bibliographic information about finding books and journal articles.

Note that "free" or "subscription" can refer both to the availability of the database or of the journal articles included. This has been indicated as precisely as possible in the lists below.

Name Discipline(s) Description Access Cost Provider(s)
Academic Search Multidisciplinary Several versions are available: Complete, Elite, Premier, and Alumni Edition[1] Subscription EBSCO Publishing [2]
Aerospace & High Technology Database Aerospace, Aeronautics, Astronautics Subscription ProQuest[3]
AJOL: African Journals OnLine Multidisciplinary African journals Free abstracts; Subscription full-text African Journals OnLine[4]
AgeLine Sociology, Gerontology Includes information on aging-related topics, including economics, public health and policy. Subscription EBSCO Publishing[1]
AGRICOLA: Agricultural Online Access Agriculture Free & Subscription Produced by the United States National Agricultural Library. Free access provided by NAL[5]. Subscription access provided by Proquest[6], OVID[7].
Airiti Inc Multidisciplinary China, Taiwan. Subscription Airiti Inc[8]
Analytical Abstracts Chemistry Subscription Royal Society of Chemistry[9]
Analytical sciences digital library Analytical sciences Free National Science Digital Library and the Analytical Chemistry Division of the American Chemical Society[10]
Anthropological Index Online Anthropology Index only (no abstracts or full-text). Free Royal Anthropological Institute [11]
Anthropological Literature Anthropology Free to Harvard faculty, staff and students. Subscription for non-Harvard access. Maintained by Harvard University. Non-Harvard access provided by OCLC[12]
Arachne Archaeology, Art history German Language Free German Archaeological Institute & the University of Cologne, administered by Reinhard Foertsch[13]
Arts & Humanities Citation Index Arts, Humanities Part of Web of Science Subscription Thomson Reuters[14]
arXiv Physics, Mathematics, Computer science, Nonlinear sciences, Quantitative biology and Statistics Free Cornell University[15]
Association for Computing Machinery Digital Library Computer Science, Engineering Subscription Association for Computing Machinery[16]
Astrophysics Data System Astrophysics, Geophysics, Physics Free Harvard University[17]
ATLA Religion Database Religious studies Provides information on topics such as biblical studies, world religions, church history, and religion in social issues Subscription [18]
AULIMP: Air University Library's Index to Military Periodicals Military Science Free Air University[19]
BASE: Bielefeld Academic Search Engine Multidisciplinary Free Bielefeld University [20]
Beilstein database Organic chemistry Subscription Elsevier [21]
Biological Abstracts Biology A complete collection of bibliographic references covering life science and biomedical research literature published from more than 4,000 journals internationally. Subscription Available from Thomson Reuters[22]
Book Review Index Online Book reviews Subscription Thomson Gale[23]
Books In Print Books Subscription R.R. Bowker[24]
Chemical Abstracts Service Chemistry Subscription American Chemical Society[25]
ChemXSeer Chemistry Free Pennsylvania State University[26]
Chinese Social Science Citation Index Social sciences Subscription Nanjing University[27]
Cochrane Library Medicine, Healthcare Includes reviews of research to promote evidence-based healthcare. Subscription Wiley Interscience[28]
CINAHL: Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Nursing, Allied Health Subscription EBSCO[29]
CHBD: Circumpolar Health Bibliographic Database Medicine Free University of Calgary[30]
Citebase Search Mathematics, Computer science, Physics Semi-autonomous citation index of free online research Free University of Southampton[31]
CiteSeer Computer Science No longer being updated. See CiteSeerX. Free Pennsylvania State University[32]
CiteSeerX Computer Science Free Pennsylvania State University[33]
CogPrints: Cognitive Sciences Eprint Archives Science (General) Free University of Southampton[34]
The Collection of Computer Science Bibliographies Computer science Free Alf-Christian Achilles[35]
Compendex Engineering Electronic version of Engineering Index. Subscription Elsevier[36]
Current Index to Statistics Statistics Limited free search[37] Subscription American Statistical Association and the Institute of Mathematical Statistics[38]
Current Contents Multidisciplinary Part of Web of Knowledge. Contains 7 discipline-specific subsets. Subscription Thompson Reuters[39]
Directory of Open Access Journals Journals Free Lund University[40]
EconLit Economics The American Economic Association's electronic database, the world's foremost source of references to economic literature. Subscription Produced by the American Economic Association [41]. Available from CSA, DIALOG, OCLC, OVID, and AEA.[42]
EMBASE Biomedicine, Pharmacology Biomedical database with a strong focus on drug and pharmaceutical research. Subscription Elsevier[43]
ERIC: Educational Resource Information Center Education Education literature and resources. Provides access to over 1.3 million records dating back to 1966. Free Produced by the United States Department of Education[44]. Also available by subscription from OCLC, CSA.
Food Science and Technology Abstracts Food science, Food technology, Nutrition The world's leading database of information on food science, food technology and nutrition Subscription Produced by the International Food Information Service. Access provided by OVID, Web of Knowledge, Dialog, DataStar and STN International[45]
GENESIS Women's history Descriptions of women's history collections from sources in the UK, as well as women's history websites. Free London Metropolitan University[46]
Google Scholar Multidisciplinary Free Google[47]
GoPubMed Medicine Free Transinsight GmbH [48]
HubMed Medicine An alternative interface to the PubMed medical literature database Free Alf Eaton[49]
IEEE Xplore Computer Science, Engineering, Electronics Subscription IEEE [50]
Information Bridge: Department of Energy Scientific and Technical Information Energy 1991 - present. Free United States Department of Energy[51]
Informit Multidisciplinary Australasian aggregator of bibliographic databases and journals RMIT Publishing[52]
IngentaConnect Multidisciplinary Free searching; Subscription full-text Ingenta[53]
Inspec Physics, Engineering, Computer Science The leading bibliographic database providing abstracts and indexing to the world's scientific and technical papers in physics, electrical engineering, electronics, communications, control engineering, computing, information technology, manufacturing, production, and mechanical engineering. Subscription IET[54]
JSTOR: Journal Storage Multidisciplinary (Historical) Subscription JSTOR[55]
MathSciNet Mathematics Available in print as Mathematical Reviews Subscription American Mathematical Society[56]
MedlinePlus Medicine Free Produced by the United States National Library of Medicine, the United States National Institutes of Health, and the United States Department of Health and Human Services[57]
Merck Index Chemistry, Biology, Pharmacology Also available in print. Subscription Produced by Merck & Co.. Available from CambridgeSoft Corporation, Dialog, Knovel, MedicinesComplete, STN International[58]
Meteorological and Geoastrophysical Abstracts Meteorology, Astrophysics, Geology Subscription Produced by the American Meteorological Society. Available from Dialog[59] and CSA[60].
NBER: National Bureau of Economic Research Economics Free National Bureau of Economic Research[61]
National Diet Library Collection Multidisciplinary Japanese. Catalog for the National Library of Japan. National Diet Library[62]
OAIster Multidisciplinary Free University of Michigan [63]
Open J-Gate Journals Index of open access journals Free Informatics India Ltd.[64]
OpenSIGLE Grey literature Indexes European grey literature. Free Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique[65]
PhilPapers Philosophy Free PhilPapers[66]
PsycINFO Psychology The largest resource devoted to peer-reviewed literature in behavioral science and mental health. It contains over 2.6 million citations and summaries dating as far back as the early 1800s. Subscription Produced by the APA[67]. Available from several database vendors.[68]
PubMed Medicine Free National Institutes of Health and the U.S. National Library of Medicine[69]
PubChem Chemistry Free National Center for Biotechnology Information and the U.S. National Library of Medicine [70]
Readers' Guide to Periodical Literature Journals and Magazines Coverage: 1983 - present. Subscription H. W. Wilson Company[71]
Reader's Guide Retrospective: 1890 - 1982 Journals and Magazines Subscription H. W. Wilson Company[72]
RePEc: Research Papers in Economics Economics Free Volunteer Collaboration [73]
Rock's Backpages Music Primary documents from the history of Rock and roll Subscription. Limited free access with registration. Backpages Limited[74]
Science Citation Index Science (General) Part of Web of Science Subscription Thompson Reuters[75]
ScienceDirect Multidisciplinary Subscription Elsevier[76]
Scirus Science (General) Free Elsevier[77]
Scopus Multidisciplinary Subscription Elsevier[78]
Social Science Citation Index Social science Part of Web of Science Subscription Thompson Reuters[79]
SSRN: Social Science Research Network Social science Contains an abstracts database and a electronic paper collection, arranged by discipline. Free Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc.[80]
SSRRN: Social Science Research Resources Network Social science Indexes datasets and statistical codes Free Social Science Research Resources Network =[81]
SPIRES-HEP Physics, (High Energy) Free Stanford Linear Accelerator Center & partners [82]
SpringerLink Multidisciplinary Free abstract & preview; Subscription full-text Springer [83]
Ulrich's Periodicals Directory Periodicals] Subscription Proquest[84]
VADLO Biomedicine, Life science Categories indexed: Protocols, Online tools, Powerpoints, Databases, Software Free VADLO[85]
Web of Knowledge Multidisciplinary Includes other products, such as Web of Science, Biological Abstracts & The Zoological Record Subscription Thomson Reuters[86]
Web of Science Science (General) Includes other products, such as Social Science Citation Index & Science Citation Index. Subscription Thomson Reuters[87]
WestLaw Law (General) Subscription Thomson Reuters
WorldCat Multidisciplinary Unified catalog of member libraries' catalogs Free and Subscription versions OCLC[88]
Zasshi Kiji Sakuin: Japanese Periodicals Index Journals Japanese. National Diet Library's Online Catalog[89], MagazinePlus[90], CiNii[91]
Zentralblatt MATH Mathematics First three records free without subscription. Subscription Springer Science+Business Media[92]
The Zoological Record Zoology Unofficial register of scientific names & papers in Zoology. Coverage 1864 - present. Subscription Thompson Reuters[93]

See also


  1. List of EBSCO databases
  2. Academic Search Complete
  3. Aerospace & High Technology Database
  4. African Journals Online (AJOL)
  5. AGRICOLA (NAL Catalog)
  6. AGRICOLA (Proquest)
  7. AGRICOLA (Ovid)
  8. Airiti Inc
  9. Analytical Abstracts
  10. Analytical Sciences Digital Library
  11. Anthropological Index Online
  12. Anthropological Literature
  13. Arachne
  14. Arts & Humanities Citation Index
  16. Association for Computing Machinery
  17. Astrophysics Data System
  18. ATLA Catalog
  19. AULIMP
  20. BASE
  21. Beilstein database
  22. Biological Abstracts at Thomson Reuters
  23. Book Review Index Online
  24. Books In Print
  25. Chemical Abstracts Service
  26. ChemXSeer
  27. Chinese Social Science Citation Index (in English)
  28. Cochrane Library
  29. CINAHL
  30. Circumpolar Health Bibliographic Database
  31. CiteBase
  32. CiteSeer
  33. CiteSeerX
  34. Cogprints
  35. The Collection of Computer Science Bibliographies
  36. Compendex
  37. Current Index to Statistics: Limited Free Search
  38. Current Index to Statistics
  39. Current Contents
  40. Directory of Open Access Journals
  41. EconLit
  42. EconLit access providers
  43. EMBASE
  44. ERIC
  45. Food Science and Technology Abstracts
  47. Google Scholar
  48. GoPubMed
  49. HubMed
  50. IEEE Xplore
  51. Information Bridge
  52. Informit
  53. IngentaConnect
  54. INSPEC
  55. JSTOR
  56. MathSciNet
  57. MedlinePlus
  58. Online versions of the Merck Index
  59. Meteorological and Geoastrophysical Abstracts at DIALOG
  60. Meteorological and Geoastrophysical Abstracts at CSA
  61. National Bureau of Economic Research
  62. Japanese National Diet Library Collection in English
  63. OAIster
  64. Open J-Gate
  65. OpenSIGLE
  66. PhilPapers: Philosophy Online
  67. PsycInfo
  68. PsycINFO vendors list
  69. PubMed
  70. [ PubChem
  71. Reader's Guide to Periodical Literature
  72. Reader's Guide Retrospective: 1890 - 1982
  73. RePEc
  74. Rock's Backpages
  75. Science Citation Index
  76. ScienceDirect
  77. Scirus
  78. Scopus
  79. Social Science Citation Index
  80. Social Science Research Network
  81. SSRRN: Social Science Research Resources Network
  83. SpringerLink
  84. Ulrich's Periodicals Directory
  85. VADLO
  86. Web of Knowledge
  87. Web of Science
  88. WorldCat
  89. Zasshi Kiji Sakuin (at NDL)
  90. Zasshi Kiji Sakuin (at MagazinePlus)
  91. Zasshi Kiji Sakuin (at CiNii)
  92. Zentralblatt MATH
  93. Zoological Record
es:Anexo:Bases de datos académicas y motores de búsqueda

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